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Applying Brain Machine Interfaces to Aircraft Control: Potentials and Challenges

Autor(en): T. Fricke, F. Holzapfel
Zusammenfassung: Brain machine interfaces (BMI) have already successfully been used in laboratory control tasks. A next important step is to apply them in an operational context. A European research project investigates brain controlled aircraft flight, where manual inceptors are replaced by electroencephalography electrodes. Evidently, this immense paradigm shift in how pilots interact with aircraft not only promises some advantages over the established approach, such as a broadened access to aviation, but also entails a number of challenges that will have to be tackled. To provide intuitive handling qualities, which undoubtedly is of great importance, the whole pilot aircraft interface needs to be adapted to this novel control method. This paper analyses the potentials of brain controlled aircraft flight, studies the resulting implications for flight control system design and points out possible ways of solving the occurring challenges. The absence of haptic and proprioceptive feedback from mechanical inceptors is discussed and important BMI characteristics are presented. The theoretical study of this topic led to the design of a flight controller and subsequent pilot-in-the-loop experiments in a flight simulator, where some of the potentials and challenges of the concept became visible.
Veranstaltung: 56. Fachausschusssitzung Anthropotechnik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V.
Medientyp: Conference Paper
Sprache: englisch
Format: 14,8 x 21,0 cm, 8 Seiten
Veröffentlicht: DGLR-Bericht, 2014, 2014-01, Der Mensch zwischen Automatisierung, Kompetenz und Verantwortung; S.207-214; 2014; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V., Bonn
Preis: NA
Stichworte zum Inhalt: verbindungshalbleiter
Verfügbarkeit: Download
Veröffentlicht: 2014

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer übergeordneten Publikation:
Der Mensch zwischen Automatisierung, Kompetenz und Verantwortung