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Human Factors Flight Trial Analysis for 2D Situation Awareness and 3D Synthetic Vision Displays

Autor(en): P. Wipplinger, S. Bauer, A. Friedrich, A. Sindlinger, W. Kubbat, J. Schiefele
Zusammenfassung: This article describes flight trials performed in Reno, NV. Flight trials were conducted with a Cheyenne 1 from Marinvent. Thirteen pilots flew the Cheyenne in seventy-two approaches to the Reno airfield. All pilots flew completely randomized settings. Three different settings: - Electronic Flight Information System (EFIS) with paper charts, - EFIS and 2D moving map, and - 3D Synthetic Vision System (SVS) Primary Flight Display (PFD) and 2D enhanced moving map were evaluated. They included normal/abnormal procedure evaluation for: - Steep turns and reversals, - Unusual attitude recovery, - Radar vector guidance towards terrain, - Non-precision approaches, - En-route alternate for non-IFR rated pilots encountering Instrument Meteorological Condition (IMC), and - Taxiing on complex taxi-routes. The flight trial goal was to evaluate the objective performance of pilots compared among the different settings. As dependent variables, positional and time accuracy were measured. Analysis was conducted by an ANOVA test. In parallel, all pilots answered subjective NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX), Cooper-Harper, Situation Awareness Rating Technique (SART), and questionnaires. The result shows that pilots flying 2D/3D SVS perform no worse than pilots with conventional systems. In addition, 3D SVS flying pilots have a better terrain awareness, more stable 180° turns, and greater situational awareness. Finally, even non-IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) rated pilots are able to fly non-precision approaches under IMC with a 3D SVS.
Veranstaltung: 45. Fachausschusssitzung Anthropotechnik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V.
Medientyp: Conference Paper
Sprache: englisch
Veröffentlicht: DGLR-Bericht, 2003, 2003-04, Entscheidungsunterstützung für die Fahrzeug- und Prozessführung; S.53-77; 2003; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V., Bonn
Preis: NA
Stichworte zum Inhalt: antropotechnik
Verfügbarkeit: Bestellbar
Veröffentlicht: 2003

Dieses Dokument ist Teil einer übergeordneten Publikation:
Entscheidungsunterstützung für die Fahrzeug- und Prozessführung