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M. Urban, C. Jessberger, R. Rothfeld, M. Schmidt, V. Batteiger, K.O. Plötner, M. Hornung
The Advisory Council for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe (ACARE) Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda intends maximum intra-European travel times of four hours door-to-door for 90% of passengers in 2050. However, todays" commercial air travel is affected by several time-consuming influences which results not only in an unintended extension of the actual travel time well beyond single flight time but also increases the hassles for the passengers along the journey. In order to meet this target, Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V. has developed an integrated transport solution during its internal Group Design Project in collaboration with Glasgow School of Arts. This transport concept consists of an inner-city airport combined with a short takeoff and landing (STOL) capable, short-range aircraft, providing capacity for up to 60 passengers. Scrum, an agile development methodology, was utilized to realize the development of both - the airport and aircraft concepts - from an initial idea within a highly constrained time scope of overall three months. This paper presents the development of the inner-city airport concept, which overbuilds city space that is currently occupied by railway tracks and features full integration into the existing rail and air traffic systems. With 16 hours of daily operations, the inner-city airport was designed for up to 10.5 million annual passengers. The building consists of four levels including the runway level on top, the apron level, located directly below the runway, a public terminal and a rail level. The roof-top runway with a length of 640 meters - combined with an aircraft elevator system and a distributed security check concept - allows for shortened overall travel times. In addition, the potential air traffic capacity increase, by introducing inner-city airports in Europe, Asia and the United States of America, was investigated to estimate the concept's effects on existing air traffic infrastructure. However, several key challenges were identified, hereunder the additional emissions of airport operations within city centers, arising safety implications, and the required adaptation of all required ground handling and passenger processes to the self-imposed time and space restrictions. Further, potential benefits - of the multi-modal, inner-city transport hub - were examined with regards to the travelers" and residents" interests.
Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2016, Braunschweig
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V., Bonn, 2016
21,0 x 29,7 cm, 11 Seiten
Stichworte zum Inhalt:
airport concept, capacity increase