DGLR-Publikationsdatenbank - Detailansicht
T. Fricke, T.O. Zander, K. Gramann, F. Holzapfel
Brain computer interface (BCI) technology has been experiencing dynamic development over the past years. As a result, more and more possible applications of this technology are being investigated. One vision pursued in a European research project is brain controlled aircraft flight, where manual inceptors are replaced by electroencephalography (EEG) electrodes. Obviously, existing paradigms in flight control system design cannot directly be applied to this novel approach to aircraft control. First and foremost, adequate command variables must be identified and aircraft dynamics and the human-machine interface must be optimized for good handling. A flight controller that provides direct control of the flight path was designed and implemented. During subsequent pilot-in-the-loop experiments with this controller in a fixed base flight simulator, the horizontal aircraft motion was controlled via a motor imagery BCI. Different operational and laboratory tasks were flown by six participating pilots with different amounts and types of flying experience as well as one participant that had only theoretical knowledge about flying. Since preliminary experiments lead to some changes of the flight control law, the following six participants performed the tasks with both the initial and the modified flight control law. The results show that brain control of one degree of freedom of the aircraft motion is possible, in some cases even with high reliability and accuracy. They also permit qualitative and quantitative comparison between the two flight control law designs and between brain controlled flight and manual flight.
Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2014, Augsburg
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V., Bonn, 2016
21,0 x 29,7 cm, 10 Seiten
Stichworte zum Inhalt:
brain control, EEG